All Issue

2020 Vol.33, Issue 6 Preview Page

Research Article

December 2020. pp. 586-596
Alexander, A. and M. Schroeder. 1987. Modern trends in foliar fertilization. J. Plant Nutr. 10:1391-1399. 10.1080/01904168709363671
Amott, J.T. and D.E. Macey. 1984. Effect of supplemental light intensity on white spruce, Engelmann spruce, and mountain hemlock seedlings grown under an extended photoperiod. Can. J. of For. Res. 15:295-300. 10.1139/x85-048
Bayala, J., M. Dianda, J. Wilson, S.J. Ouedraogo and K. Sanon. 2009. Predicting field performance of five irrigated tree species using seedling quality assessment in Burkina Faso, West Africa. New Forest 38:309-322. 10.1007/s11056-009-9149-4
Beadle, C.L. 1993. Growth analysis: In Hall, D.O., J.M.O. Scurlock. H.R. Bolhàr-Nordenkampf, R.C. Leegood and S.P. Long (eds.), Photosynthesis and Production in a Changing Environment, A Field and Laboratory Manual, Champman & Hall, London, UK. pp. 36-46.
Bolhàr-Nordenkampf, H.R., S.P. Long, N.R. Baker, G. Öquist, U. Schreiber and E.G. Lechner. 1989. Chlorophyll fluorescence as a probe of the photosynthetic competence of leaves in the field: a review of current instrumentation. Functional Ecol. 3:497-514. 10.2307/2389624
Broschat, T.K. 1995. Nitrate, phosphate, and potassium leaching from container-grown plants fertilized by several methods. HortScience 30:74-77. 10.21273/HORTSCI.30.1.74
Burdett, A.N. 1990. Physiological processes in plantation establishment and the development of specifications for forest planting stock. Can. J. For. Res. 20:415-427. 10.1139/x90-059
Cho, M.S., G.N. Kim, S.T. Lee and H.S. Moon. 2012. Effects of fertilization on growth of container and bare root seedlings of Pinus densiflora. J. Agri. & Life Sci. 46:63-73 (in Korean).
Cho, M.S., S.W. Lee, B.B. Park and G.S. Park. 2011a. The effects of fertilization on growth performances and physiological characteristics of Liriodendron tulipifera in a container nursery system. J. Kor. For. Soc. 100:305-313 (in Korean).
Cho, M.S., S.W. Lee, B.B. Park and G.S. Park. 2011b. Physiological characteristics and growth performances of container seedlings growing under different fertilizations. Proc. of the 2011 Annu. Mtg. of the Kor. For. Soc. pp. 934-937 (in Korean).
Cho, M.S., S.W. Lee, J.H. Hwang and S.K. Kim. 2012. Growth performance of container seedlings of deciduous hardwood plantation species grown at different container types. J. Kor. For. Soc. 101:324-332 (in Korean).
Cho, M.S., S.W. Lee and S.K. Jeong. 2011. Physiological characteristics and growth performances of Eucalytus pellita and Acacia mangium of container seedlings growing under different fertilizations. Proc. of the 2011 Annu. Mtg. of the Kor. For. Soc. pp. 176-178 (in Korean).
Choi, J.Y., K.S. Choi, K.S. Yoon, J.H. Lee, B.H. Han, S.G. Lee, J.H. Hwang and J.J. Kim. 2013. Physiological responses of Zelkova serrata and Fraxinus rhynchophylla seedlings to fertilization levels. Proc. of the 2013 Annu. Mtg. of the Kor. For. Soc. pp. 140-144 (in Korean).
Choi, Y.B. and J.H. Kim. 1995. Change in needle chlorophyll fluorescence of Pinus densiflora and Pinus thunbergii treated with artificial acid rain. J. Kor. For. Soc. 84:97-102 (in Korean).
Chung, M.S., S.H. Han, D.H. Kim, J.C. Lee and P.G. Kim. 2012. Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 and nitrogen fertilization on growth and carbon uptake of yellow poplar seedlings. Kor. J. Agri. and For. Meteorol. 14:108-118 (in Korean). 10.5532/KJAFM.2012.14.3.108
Ciompi, S., E. Gentilli, L. Guidi and G.F. Soldatini. 1996. The effect of nitrogen deficiency on leaf gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters in sunflower. Plant Sci. 118:177-184. 10.1016/0168-9452(96)04442-1
Cornett, Z.J. 1982. Nutrient and mycorrhizal effects on the root-shoot ration of containerized ponderosa pine seedlings. Faculty of Renewable Natural Res., Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Arizona (USA). p. 90.
Davis, A.S. and D.F. Jacobs. 2005. Quantifying root system quality of nursery seedlings and relationship ot out-planting performance. New Forests 30:295-311. 10.1007/s11056-005-7480-y
Deans, J.D., W.L. Mason, M.G.R. Cannell, A.L. Sharpe and L.J. Sheppard. 1989. Growing regimes for bare-root stock of Sitka spruce, Douglas fir and Scots pine. 1. Morphology at the end of the nursery phase. For. 62:53-60.
Delden, A.V. 2001. Yield and growth components of potato and wheat under organic nitrogen management. J. Agro. 93:1370-1385. 10.2134/agronj2001.1370
Demmig, B. and O. Björkman. 1987. Comparison of the effect of excessive light on chlorophyll fluorescence (77K) and photon yield of O2 evolution in leaves of higher plants. Planta 171:171-184. 10.1007/BF0039109224227324
Ferrar, P.J. and C.B. Osmond. 1986. Nitrogen supply as a factor influencing photoinhibition and photosynthetic acclimation after transfer of shade-grown Solanum dulcamara to bright light. Planta 168:563-570. 10.1007/BF0039227724232334
Gazal, R.M., C.A. Blanche and W.M. Carandang. 2004. Root growth potential and seedlings morphological attributes of narra (Pteracarpus indicus Willd.) transplants. For. Ecol. and Magt. 195:259-266. 10.1016/j.foreco.2004.03.023
Gilman, E.F., C. Harchick and C. Wiese. 2009. Pruning roots affects tree quality in container grown oaks. J. Environ. Hort. 27:7-11. 10.24266/0738-2898-27.1.7
Gleeson, S.K. 1993. Optimization of tissue nitrogen and root-shoot allocation. Ann. Bot. 71:23-31. 10.1006/anbo.1993.1003
Grossnickle, S.C. 2005. Importance of root growth in overcoming planting stress. New Forests 30:273-294. 10.1007/s11056-004-8303-2
Grossnickle, S.C. 2012. Why seedlings survive: influence of plant attributes. New Forests 43:711-738. 10.1007/s11056-012-9336-6
Haase, D. 2007. Understanding forest seedling quality: Measurement and interpretation. Tree Planter's Notes 52:24-30.
Hathaway, R.D. and C.E. Whitcomb. 1984. Nutrition and performance of container-grown Japanese black pine seedlings. J. Environ. Hort. 2:9-12. 10.24266/0738-2898-2.1.9
Hernandez, E.I. A. Vilagrosa, V.C. Luis, M. Llorca, E. Chirino and V.R. Vallejo. 2009. Root hydraulic conductance, gas exchange and leaf water potential in seedlings of Pistacia lentiscus L. and Quercus suber L. grown under different fertilization and light regimes. Environ. and Exp. Bot. 67:269-276. 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2009.07.004
Hikosaka, K. and I. Terashima. 1995. A model of the acclimation of photosynthesis in the leaves of C3 plants to sun and shade with respect to nitrogen uses. Plant, Cell Environ. 18:605-618. 10.1111/j.1365-3040.1995.tb00562.x
Hilbert, D.W. 1990. Optimization of plant root:shoot ratios and internal nitrogen concentration. Ann. Bot. 66:91-99. 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a088005
Hwang, J.H., M.S. Cho, A.R. Yang and S.G. Lee. 2013. Effects of fertilization on the physiological characteristics and growth performances of container seedlings of Tilia amurensis. Proc. of the 2013 Annu. Mtg. of the Kor. For. Soc. pp. 48-49 (in Korean).
Hwang, J.O., Y.H. Son, M.J. Yi, J.K. Byoun, J.H. Jung and C.Y. Lee. 2003. Studies on relationship between composition and type of fertilizer and seedling I. Influence on biomass, specific leaf area and chlorophyll content. J. Kor. For. En. 22:44-53 (in Korean).
Johnson, F., J. Paterson, G. Leeder, C. Mansfield, F. Pinto and S. Watson. 1996. Artificial regeneration of Ontario's forest: Species and stock selection manual. Forest Research Information Paper No. 131. Ontario. pp. 51.
Juntunen, M.L., T. Hammar and R. Rikala. 2003. Nitrogen and phosphorus leaching and uptake by container birch seedlings (Betula pendula Roth) grown in three different fertilizations. New Forests 25: 133-147. 10.1023/A:1022686402578
Lambers, H. and H. Poorter. 1992. Inherent variation in growth rate between higher plants: A search for physiological causes and ecological consequences. Adv. in Ecol. Res. 23:187-261. 10.1016/S0065-2504(08)60148-8
Landis, T.D., R.W. Tinus, S.E. McDonald and J.P. Barnett. 1995. The container tree nursery manual. vol. 1. Nursery panning, development and management. Agriculture handbook 674. USDA Forest Service, Washington DC. pp. 102-113.
Lee, K.J. and J.H. Park. 2001. Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on the growth, carbohydrate contents and photosynthesis of Pinus densiflora seedlings exposed to Ozone in an open - top chamber. Kor. For. Soc. 90:306-313 (in Korean).
Lee, S.H. 2014. Characteristics of seedling growth of indeciduous Quercus species by fertilization. M.S. Dissertation, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea (in Korean).
Lee, S.W., J.H. Choi, S.K. Yoo, S.K. Kim, J.H. Bae and S.K. Han. 2006. Effect of raw material properties on growth characteristics of broad-leaved container seedlings. J. Bio-Environ. Control 15:244-249 (in Korean).
Lee, Y.N., C.H. Jeong and K.H. Shim. 2004. Isolation of antioxidant and antibrowning substance from Chionanthus retusus leaves. J. Kor. Soc. Food Sci. Nutr. 33:1419-1425 (in Korean). 10.3746/jkfn.2004.33.9.1419
Li, B., H.L. Allen and S.E. McKeand. 1991. Nitrogen and family effects on biomass allocation of loblolly-pine seedlings. For. Sci. 37:271-283.
Malik, V. and V.R. Timmer. 1998. Biomass partitioning and nitrogen retranslocation in black spruce seedlings on competitive mixed wood sites: a bioassay study. Can. J. For. Res. 28:206-215. 10.1139/x97-207
Mattsson, A. 1996. Prediction field performance using seedling quality assessment. New Forests 13:223-248.
Michalel, A.D. 1990. Manual of Wood Landscape Plants. pp. 501-502.
Miller, J.H. H.L. Allen, B.R. Zutter, S.M. Zedaker and R.A. Newbold. 2006. Soil and pine foliage nutrient responses 15 years after competing-vegetation control and their correlation with growth for 13 loblolly pine plantations in the southern United States. Can. J. For. Res. 36:2412-2425. 10.1139/x06-164
Minotta, G. and S. Pinzauti. 1996. Effects of light and soil fertility on growth, leaf chlorophyll content and nutrient use efficiency of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) seedlings. For. Ecol. and Mgt. 86:61-71. 10.1016/S0378-1127(96)03796-6
Khamis, S., T. Lamaze, Y. Lemoine and C. Foyer. 1990. Adaptation of the photosynthetic apparatus in maize leaves as a result of nitrogen limitation. Plant Physiol. 94:1436-1443. 10.1104/pp.94.3.143616667850PMC1077395
Kim, C.S., J.Y. Jung, K.H. Koo, J.T. Lim, J.I. Kim and J.H. Park. 2009. Growth response following fertilization in potted red pine seedlings. Proc. of the 2009 Annu. Mtg. Kor. For. Soc. pp. 116-117 (in Korean).
Kim, G.N., S.H. Han, D.H. Kim, C.W. Yun and S.J. Shin. 2013. Optimum light intensity and fertilization effects on physiological activities of Forsythia saxatilis. J. Kor. For. Sco. 102:372-381 (in Korean).
Kim, J.H. 2014. Effects of shading and fertilizer treatment on the growth characteristics of Pinus koraiensis container seedlings. M.S. Dissertation, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. pp. 29-30 (in Korean).
Kim, J.Y. 2011. Cultivation Techniques of the Landscaping Trees. Kor. Landscaping Tree Assoc. pp. 36-37 (in Korean).
Kim, M.S. 2013. Growth characteristics of Carpinus coreana seedlings according to fertilization. Department of Forestry and Landscape, M.S. Thesis, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea (in Korean).
Kim, S.H., J.H. Sung, Y.K. Kim and P.K. Kim. 2008. Photosynthetic responses of four oak species to changes in light environment. Kor. J. Agric. Meteorol. 10:141-148 (in Korean). 10.5532/KJAFM.2008.10.4.141
Kim, S.I. 1997. The new landscaping tree (ⅢⅩⅤ). Kor. Landscaping Tree Assoc. pp. 23-24 (in Korean).
Kim, Y. 2006. Ecological study on the Chionanthus retusus Lindly et Paxton community at the Wansanchielbong. Department of Landscaping, M.S. Thesis, Chonbuk National University, Chonbuk, Korea (in Korean).
Kim, Y. 2010. Analysis on the growth environment of Chionanthus retusus community at the Wansanchielbong in Jeonju. Kor. Ins. of Trad. Landscape Architec. 28: 85-97 (in Korean).
Kopsell, D.A., D.E. Kopsell and M.G. Lefsrud. 2004. Variation in lutein, β-carotene, and chlorophyll concentrations among Brassica oleracea cultigens and seasons. Hortsci. 39:361-364. 10.21273/HORTSCI.39.2.361
Kwon, K.W. and J.H. Lee. 1994. Growth performances and physiological responses of Quercus spp. and Fraxinus rhynchophylla subjected to different soil moisture regimes and nutrition levels. J. Kor. For. Soc. 83:164-174 (in Korean).
Kwon, K.W., M.S. Cho, K.N. Kim, S.W. Lee and K.H. Jang. 2009. Photosynthetic characteristics and growth performances of containerized seedling and bare root seedlings of Quercus acutissima growing at different fertilizing schemes. J. Kor. For. Soc. 98:331-338 (in Korean).
Poole, H.A. and J.G. Seeley. 1978. Nitrogen, potassium and magnesium nutrition of three orchid genera. Amer. Soc. for Hort. Sci. 103:485-488.
Proe, M.F. and P. Millard. 1994. Relationship between nutrient supply, nitrogen partitioning and growth in young Sitka spruce (Picea sitchesis). Tree physiol. 14:75-88. 10.1093/treephys/14.1.7514967635
Rascher, U., M. Liebig and U. Lütto. 2000. Evaluation of instant light-response curves of chlorophyll fluorescence parameters obtained with a portable chlorophyll fluorometer on site in the field. Plant, Cell and Environ. 23:1397-1405. 10.1046/j.1365-3040.2000.00650.x
Reynolds, H.L. and C.D. Antonio. 1996. The ecological significance of plasticity in root weight ratio in response to nitrogen: Opinion. Plant and Soil. 185:75-97. 10.1007/BF02257566
Salifu, K.F. and D.F. Jacobs. 2006. Characterizing fertility targets and multi-element interactions in nursery culture of Quercus rubra seedlings. Ann. For. Sci. 63:231-237. 10.1051/forest:2006001
Schlichting, C.D. 1986. The evolution of phenotypic plasticity in plants. Annual Rev. of Ecol. and Syst. 17:667-693. 10.1146/
Šestak, Z., J. Catsk and P.G. Jarvis. 1971. Plant Photosynthetic Production Manual of Methods. The Hague. Hertogenbosch. p. 818.
Song, J.H., M.J. Kong and S.P. Hong. 2011. Morphological characteristics, distribution and taxonomic consideration of Chionanthus retusus Lindl. & Paxton in Korea. Kor. J. Pl. Taxon. 41:156-163 (in Korean). 10.11110/kjpt.2011.41.2.156
Sung, G.H. 2014. A study on the biological activity of Chionanthus retusus fruits. Department of Oriental Medicine Resources, Ph.D. Thesis, DaeguHaany University, Gyeongbuk, Korea. (in Korean).
Sung, H.I., K.S. Song, Y.G. Cha and J.J. Kim. 2011. Characteristics of growth and seedling quality of 1-year-old container seedlings of Quercus myrsinaefolia by shading and fertilizing treatment. J. Kor. For. Soc. 100:598-608 (in Korean).
Sung, J.H., S.M. Je, S.H. Kim and Y.G. Kim. 2010. Effect of calcium chloride (CaCl2) on chlorophyll fluorescence image and photosynthetic apparatus in the leaves of Prunus sargentii. J. Kor. For. Soc. 99:922-928 (in Korean).
Sung, S.S., C.C. Black, T.L. Kormanik, S.J. Zarnoch, P.P. Kormanik and P.A. Counce. 1997. Fall fertilization and the biology of Pinus taeda seedling development. Can. J. For. Res. 27:1406-1412 (in Korean). 10.1139/x97-112
Tatjana, T., B.S. Jurate, U. Akvile, V. Ilona, S. Giedre, D. Pavelas and S. Algirdas. 2007. Effects of nitrogen fertilizers on wheat photosynthetic pigment and carbohydrate contents. Biologia 53:80-84.
Terashima, I. and J.R. Evans. 1988. Effects of light and nitrogen nutrition on the organization of the photosynthetic apparatus in spinach. Plant Cell Physiol. 29:143-155.
Thompson, B.E. 1985. Seedlings morphological evaluation. What you can tell by looking: In Duryea, M.L. (ed.), Evaluating seedling quality: Principles, procedures, and predictive abilities of major tests. For. Res. Lab., Oregon State Univ., Corvallis., OR, USA. pp. 59-72.
Timmer, V.R. and G. Armstrong. 1987. Diagnosing nutritional status of containerized tree seedlings: Comparative plant analysis. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. 51:1082-1086. 10.2136/sssaj1987.03615995005100040048x
Verhoeven, A.S., D.A. Barbara and W.W. Adams. 1997. Enhanced employment of the xanthophylls cycle and thermal energy dissipation in spinach exposed to high light and N stress. Plant Physiol. 113:817-824. 10.1104/pp.113.3.81712223645PMC158201
Wilson, E.D., K.C. Vitols and A. Park. 2007. Root characteristics and growth potential of container and bare-root seedlings of red oak (Quercus rubra L.) in Ontario, Canada. New Forests 34:163-176. 10.1007/s11056-007-9046-7
Yoon, J.H. 2013. The study on growth characteristics and cultivated methods for Acer pictum complex in Korea. Department of For. Res., Ph.D. Thesis, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea (in Korean).
Yoon, T.S. and S.G. Hong. 2002. Studies on production of high-quality Cornus controversa container seedlings. J. Kor. For. En. 21:28-33 (in Korean).
  • Publisher :The Plant Resources Society of Korea
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국자원식물학회
  • Journal Title :Korean Journal of Plant Resources
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국자원식물학회지
  • Volume : 33
  • No :6
  • Pages :586-596
  • Received Date :2020. 06. 04
  • Revised Date :2020. 09. 16
  • Accepted Date : 2020. 09. 18